Poem: Structure


 1. The Sun Rising John Donne

      This is a three-stanza poem. Each stanza has ten lines. Each stanza ends in a couplet and they are arranged in such a way t hat the lines occur in pairs to form a unique structural arrangement.

      The rhyme-scheme: abba, cbcb dd.

2. The Snake

The poem has nineteen stanza and seventy-two lines. It does not have a fixed end-rhyme. It is a poem written in free verse.

3. The World Is Too Much With Us’ W. Wordsworth

      The poem is a sonnet, which means that it is a fourteen line poem. It is specifically a Petrachan or Italian sonnet (six lines). Petrachan sonnets have two distinct part made up of lines 1-8 (Octet) and lines 9-14 (Sestet). It has an end rhyme scheme: abba abba cd cd cd.

4. Journey of The Magi T.S Eliot

      The poem has 43 lines. It is not stanzaic. But it is clearly divided into three irregular parts (verse paragraph). The first part covers lines 1-20; the second part covers lines 21-31; while the third part covers lines 32-43. This pattern is symbolic.

5. Ode to a Nightingale John Keats

      The poem is stanzaic in nature. It has eight stanzas. Each stanza consists of ten lines; the eighth line of each stanza is notably shorter than other lines. This line achieves the effect of checking the flow of sound and thought for a while before the concluding two lines where the poet makes a very profound statement about the poem’s subject matter.

      The poem is like a circle that rolls from stanza I to stanza VIII.

 6. The Troubadour I Traverse Dennis Brutus

      The poem is presented as a sonnet with its 14 liens of two stanzas of 4 lines and a final third stanza of 6 lines. The rhyme scheme is abba abaa ba

 7. The Casualties J. P. Clark

      The poem is structured into four main stanzas of forty-three lines. The arrangement of the stanzas presents the logical sequence of the speaker’s line of argument. The poet abandons the initial rhyme pattern started in stanza one. The first 10 lines rhyme- scheme: ab ab bc d e df. The poem is essentially prosaic to reflect the damaging effect of war on society.

 8. A Taxi Driver Timothy Wangusa

      The poem is written in seventeen lines divided into four stanzas. The first stanza has four lines while the fourth has three and stanzas two and three have five lines each. However, because stanzas one, two and three have the same subject, the three are seen to be linked by the device of enjambment.

9. And So It Came To Pass Funso Aiyejina

      The poem is presented in two stanzas of thirty lines. The whole poem is in the form of one long winding sentence with a full stop at the end of line thirty. In the tradition of free verse, the poem has no end-rhymes but occasional cases of assonance and alliteration combine with metaphoric usages to give and sustain an inherent pattern of rhythm which makes the poem enjoyable to readers.

 10. Night Wole Soyinka

       The poem is presented in five stanzas of three lines each with an a-b-c rhyme3 scheme throughout. The regular rhyme scheme and even lines create a steady reading and gives the poem a reflective, sober tone.

11. Dry Your Tears, Africa! Bernard Dadie

      The poem is presented in five stanzas of uneven number of lines. The Stanza has only three lines which set the dramatic tone of the poem as a direct address to Africa. The poem is written in the tradition of free verse, but through the use of uneven lines, refrains, anaphora and apostrophe in the right places, a lively rhythm which sustain the poem’s beauty is effectively achieved.

12. The Rose of the World W.B. Yeats

      This poem is stanzaic in nature. It has three stanzas and each stanza comprises five lines. The rhyme-scheme of each stanza is abbab. The last line of each stanza is the shortest.

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